- Basque country, Navarra and Cantabria are which spend more on clothing per inhabitant, with 573,2€, € 540,0€ and 532,4€ respectively.
- Investment in women clothing remains higher than that of men, 9.531 million euros against 7.124.
- Since 2002, nearly 7,000 companies in the textile sector have closed in Spain, about half that had registered peaked in that year.
The Strategic Research Center of EAE Business School presents the study "The textile Sector and spending on clothing in Spain in 2012," an analysis of the situation of the textile markets in Spain and at the international level. In this study we will emphasize the situation of the textile production in Spain and the world both at current levels and changes in expenditure per capita and families in clothing.
WHAT IS THE SITUATION OF THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN SPAIN?
The increase in the import of textiles from Asia and China since 2002 has generated closings of textile manufacturing in Spain. Since 2002 and because the international competition and cheaper textiles from Asia and China in particular, has been the closure of 43% of Spanish companies devoted to textiles and accessories, nearly 7,000 companies.
In general terms, Spain has gone from import 45% in 2002 to about 62% in 2011 of textile products coming from different countries to the EU27 (from 2.2 billion euros in 2002 to 6.6 billion euros in 2011). We mainly import from China (36.3%), Turkey (15.5%) and Morocco (13.3%). The autonomous communities which have most been reduced its volume of business of textiles between 2002 and 2007 were Extremadura (36%), Aragon (35%), Navarra (32%) and La Rioja (31%) and in the same way between 2007 and 2011, those that recorded higher number of closings are Navarra (42%), Castilla - La Mancha (35%), Extremadura (34%) and Catalonia (33%).
HOW AND HOW MUCH WE BUY SPANIARDS?
For the period between 2007 and 2011, Spain has been a decline in total spending in garments of 19.4%. This saving relies primarily on lower spending on male garments (by 22.0% reduction), while women and children present reductions of expenditure below the national trend, 18.4% for expenditure on women's clothes and 16.6% for expenditure on child clothes.
Average per capita expenditure decreased by 22.0% between 2007 and 2011, passing from 564,4 € to 440,0 €. The greatest reduction in average expenditure presented men, spend 488,8 € in 2007 to 370,2 € in 2011 (a 24.2% reduction). The next group of spending that registers greater reduction is children, with a low of 22.5%. Women are the group that less savings in apparel spending reflects, with a 21.0%.
If we are going to detail by autonomous community, the greatest reduction in the average expenditure per capita in the period 2007-2011 present it communities of Murcia, Castilla y León, and La Rioja, with declines of 40.5%, 34.6% and 34.0% respectively. Those autonomous communities that show smaller reductions in their average per capita spending are Extremadura and the Canary Islands, with decreases of 8.0% and 9.2% respectively.
For 2011, the autonomous community that have increased spending on garments of clothing per capita have been Basque country, Navarra and Cantabria, with expenditure of € 573,2, 540,0€ and 532,4€ per capita respectively. On the other side we find the habitants of Murcia, the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands, where lower average per capita expenditure recorded in 2011 with € 334,3, 377,8€ and 378,7€ per capita respectively.
The Basques spend 30% more than the average of the Spanish, Navarre 23% more and the Cantabrians about 21 per cent. At the other extreme, the Canaries spend 14% less on apparel than the average Spanish, while the Murcia are posing a greater difference with 24% less.
With respect to total expenditure on clothing in 2011 by autonomous community, five communities comprise 65% of the total expenditure: Andalucía (17.7%), Catalonia (16.5%), Madrid (15.2%), Valencia (9.7%) and Galicia (6.3%).
HOW WILL BE THE EVOLUTION IN TEXTILE IN SPAIN UNTIL 2016?
It is expected that textile consumption in Spain will fall down until 2013, and that from there begin a recovery in the level of household expenditure that will not be representative before 2015.
Moreover, is expected between 2011 and 2016 global spending on clothing grow 10.8%, from 20.308 million euros in 2011 to 22.509 million euros in 2016. The expected growth in spending of apparel female is a 22.0%, being the main driver of the growth in expenditure in this period, followed by the consumption of males with a growth of 8.1%. However it is expected that child clothing purchase volume decreases a 13.0%. With respect to the average per capita expenditure, is expected this growth of 8.5 per cent between 2011 and 2016, passing from 440 € to 477,6 €. Women are still the major drive of the spending, with an increase of its budget average in garments of 19.7%, doubling widely males average expected spending growth (7.4%). Particular case is that of spending half of clothing for children, which expected a reduction of 18.5%.
Total expenditure on clothing by autonomous community in 2016 maintains the same concentration observed in 2011. Five communities concentrate 66% of the Spanish expenditure: Andalucía (18.4%), Catalonia (16.7%), Madrid (14.5%), Valencia (10.2%) and Galicia (6.4%). The autonomous communities for which is expected to be greater growth between 2011 and 2016 are Murcia (36.5%), Castilla y León (20.2%) and Asturias (19.9%), while those that present further reductions will be (5.5%), Basque country (3.5%) the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands (3.2%).
HOW AND HOW MUCH IS SPENT ABROAD?
The global market of readymade garments grew 11.1% between 2007 and 2011, being those Americans who have led the growth of this market with a 13.9%, followed by the inhabitants of Asia-Pacific (12.5% increase). Europe was the region recorded slower growth in their spending of clothing in this period, with only 5.1%. With respect to the size of the market, the Americans lead this section with an expense of € 248,000 million in 2011, followed by Chinese (90 billion euros) and Japanese (79,000 million euros). However, the increased spending per capita presented by Norway (903,5 €), Denmark (€826,5) and Italy (€816,6).
If we look at the evolution of these figures until 2016, is expected that Europe follow representing 34.7% of the textile in 2016 global market, while the American will continue to lead the market with a share of 37.6%. With respect to the largest markets for retail of garments in 2016 at the global level, is expected to keep the order registered so far: United States 289.000 EUR million, China with 108 billion euros and Japan with nearly 59,000 million euros, with participation compared to the overall total of 28%, 11% and 6% respectively.
They stand out for their expected growth the evolution of Brazil (46.8%), Russia (36.0%) and Australia (35.2%), and presenting further reductions markets Japan (- 25.9%) and Hungary (- 11.8%). In Spain expected positive growth with a forecast rise of 15.1%, from EUR 17.4 billion in 2011 to EUR 20.1 billion in 2016. By 2016, will be the Norwegians (979,2 €), Danes (902,0€), United States (884,1 €), Swedes (868,6 €) and Dutch (865,8 €) those who expected higher consumption.
Basque, Navarrese and Cantabrians are those who most spend on clothing per capita (573,2€ , 540,0€ and 532,4€).
Murcia, the Canary Islands and Balearic Islands, that lower average per capita expenditure recorded in 2011 with € 334,3, 377,8€ and 378,7€.
Five communities concentrated 65% of the total expenditure of the country: Andalucía (17.7%), Catalonia (16.5%), Madrid (15.2%), Valencia (9.7%) and Galicia (6.3%).
Between 2007 and 2011 Spaniards decrease its total spending in clothing in 19.4%.
Expected a growth of 10.8% between 2011 and 2016, spending on clothing in Spain, from 20.308 million euros in 2011 to 22.509 million euros in 2016.
The closure of 43% of Spanish companies devoted to textiles and accessories, 7.100 companies have been Spain between 2002 and 2011.
American, Chinese and Japanese are the markets of clothing larger 2011, with 248, 90 and 79 thousand million euros respectively.
The highest growth between 2007 and 2011 average spending per capita is registered to Brazilians (32.4%), Russians (26.9%) and Chinese (25.6%).
The European market is expected to be 34.7% of the global market in 2016, 37.6% American and 23.5% in Asia-Pacific.
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